VES goes zero waste
The VES trust office granted the permission for the implementation of the project for the Degree College Campus at Chembur. Waste Audit was done for 2-3 days to estimate the quantity of Dry & Wet Waste.Items such as paper, plastic, metal, cloth, glass come under Dry Waste; whereas food waste & horticultural waste (bio degredable)comes under the category of Wet Waste.The Dry and Wet Waste generated in the college was measured. As per the volume of Wet Waste, the size& no.of compost pits is decided.The biodegradable waste generated was approximately 60-70 kg per day. Hence, 6ft × 4ft ×2ft sized 2 compost pits were constructed in a big sports ground.The Dry Waste if kept separately & if permission is granted for its collection, can be sent for recycling.Thus Waste if stored separately& recycled & reused, will create a marvel.
Every thing is cyclical in nature.There is food chain; there is air cycle, water cycle; We don’t get fresh water or fresh air! Air, Water is getting recycled & reused! However, we have brought the use of waste into linear form; that is, using natural resources for one time and disposing! Instead, if the waste is recycled and reused, it will bring marvel in a variety of ways :
1.For producing 1000kg.of paper, 17 big trees are needed to be cut.One fully grown big tree gives 3 kg. Oxygen per day. Each person needs 3kg.Oxygen per day. Hence if all of us give paper for recycling, we can maintain the quantity of Oxygen on earth.
2.Segregation of Waste at Source is the need of the hour! If Waste is segregated at source, & Dry Waste is sent for recycling & Wet Waste is composted, we will be saving the quantity of waste going to the dumping ground.Mumbai generates 8000-10000 tonnes of waste per day.Approximately 20-30% of the waste is processed and remaining quantity (since it is unsegregated) is disposed on the dumping ground.Once the waste gets disposed off to the dumping ground,valuable resources which can be recycled and reused, get wasted; plus Methane gas which is 20 times harmful than Carbon dioxide gets openly produced causing air pollution; other harmful greenhouse gases are also released in the environment causing health endangering situation! During monsoon, there are heavy leachates which cause water contamination since our drinking water pipes are underground.
3.It costs approximately Rs.3 per kg for municipal corporation for mere transportation of the waste to the dumping ground.While transporting the waste, lakhs of rupees per month are spent on vehicle and fuel cost.Severe carbon emissions occur during the transportation of waste to the dumping ground.
4.E-waste which is one of the hazardous types of waste, if collected separately, it can be sent for scientific recycling. If e-waste (such as battery cells and other electronic & electrical devices) goes to the dumping ground, it releases poisonous gases.
5.The people(rag pickers) who are working in collection of waste, have to work in very unhealthy conditions since people give mixed waste &rag pickers also collect it in one drum.From this mixed waste, they remove Dry Waste for selling. If we insist rag pickers to collect the waste separately, it will be good for their health also; that is instead of putting their hands in a mixed waste, Dry Waste can be sold & sent for recycling and wet can be composted in the premises by constructing compost pits.
Improper Waste Management is very dangerous for the health &sustainability of living beings.Vivekanand Education Society has taken a great step towards Waste management by composting the canteen Waste of the Degree College plus horticulture Waste in the compostpits.Daily the waste is processed and approximately after the period of 7 5 days, organic manure, which is v.good in quality as compared to chemical fertilisers is produced.The water retention capacity of the soil increases due to organic manure.Organic manure maintains the fertility of the soil; whereas chemical fertilisers like Urea destroy the soil fertility.
The Zero Waste Campus Project initiative taken by VES for it’s Degree College Campus, if replicated for other institutions, and if near by communities also take inspiration from VES & implement it for their campuses, it will be a great step towards making our environment clean ,green & pollution free!
With reference to the above subject, please find the below link for the zero waste campus story which has been appeared on Zee 24 Taas News – 20 May, 2016 – 02min 44sec which telecasted on 17.18 pm.
With reference to the above subject, please find the below link for the zero waste campus story which has appeared on Zee News – 18 May, 2016 – 05min 13sec which telecasted on 19.00 pm.